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Hydrogen chloride

Summary

Hydrogen chloride (HCl) is a colourless gas. As a solution in water, it is called hydrochloric acid which is highly corrosive to tissue.

Application

It has a broad range of industrial uses, including resource developing industries

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Demand

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Price

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Trade

Imports

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Exports

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Production

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Technology

Australian manufacture involves:

- reaction of sodium chloride with sulfuric acid

or

- direct synthesis from hydrogen and chlorine at chloralkali plants

Factors which favour a particular route include: surplus chlorine; economics of the region.

Coogee Chemicals, CSBP, and Nufarm, all manufacture hydrogen chloride by direct synthesis from hydrogen and chlorine at chloralkali plants. Local demand and production patterns favour this more expensive route.

Raw Materials

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